In a Japanese study aimed to finding out what part of the Mediterranean diet helps alleviate the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis, it was found that the key lies in monounsaturated fatty acids.
The study, published in Clinical Nutrition, found that the key element is monounsaturated fatty acids such as those found in olive oil, walnuts, and avocados.
The study began in 2010 and was completed in 2017. Participants in the study included 208 patients with rheumatoid arthritis and 205 healthy volunteers. The nutrients and nutrients intake of the participants were evaluated. This was done using a short feed history questionnaire, while 28 joints and red cell precipitation rates were evaluated.
The results showed that the intake of monounsaturated fatty acids was lower in the PA group than in healthy volunteers. In addition, the ratio of monounsaturated / saturated fatty acids differed within the PA group. The study concluded that daily intake of monounsaturated fatty acids can suppress disease activity.
Monounsaturated fats also help reduce blood cholesterol levels, which also reduces the risk of strokes and heart disease. It is also a way to reduce abdominal fat and can help in weight loss.